Théâtre Antique

Arles - Monument

Date: End of the first century BC
Era: Antiquity
Type: Public cultural architecture
Status: Property of the Town of Arles, listed as a national Historic Monument in 1840 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.
The Roman Theatre of Arles, which preceded its famous neighbour the amphitheatre by a century, is less well preserved.
Constructed at the end of the 1st century BC, it dates from the first phase of urbanisation of the Roman colony founded by Caesar in 46 BC.
It was built on the L'Hauture hill and was part of the Roman grid system, on the decumanus (East-West road).
It was fortified in the Middle Ages and lost to encroaching construction work; its material was often reused for neighbouring buildings. Even the original function of the monument is unknown.
This function was rediscovered in the late 17th century and its origin was confirmed over the following centuries thanks to a number of archaeological finds excavated from the ground, including the famous 'Venus of Arles'.
It was not until the 19th century that the site was completely cleared.
All that remains are a few seating rows, the orchestra section, the stage curtain area and two tall marble columns topped with a fragment of entablature.
However, the theatre is once again being used as a performance venue, particularly in summer.
The Roman Theatre in Arles has a diameter of 102 m.
Its 33 rows of seats, many of which have now disappeared, backed onto an outer enclosure consisting of three levels of arches.
The theatre could accommodate 10,000 spectators.
The orchestra section is separated from the cavea by a wall, the balteus, in front of which a 1.2 m wide area was reserved for the portable seats of the colony's nobility.
The pulpitum wall marked the separation between the orchestra and the stage area. It was adorned with decorated niches, including with the altar to Apollo which was found in 1828.
Many other areas of the site have revealed remains of this sumptuous decoration. Two staircases connected the orchestra to the stage.
Excavations and scientific studies have revealed the stage's main features.
It was approximately 6 metres deep and flanked by vast parascenia (wings) The stage wall was highly decorated.
It had three levels of columns and a large statuary, including the colossal statue of Augustus which is currently in the Departmental Museum of Ancient Arles. The famous statue of the 'Venus of Arles' is kept at the Louvre.
In the middle of the wall was the Royal gate, flanked on both sides by two columns; only those on one side are still in place today.
The theatre's outer enclosure comprised 27 arches resting on strong pillars. This façade had three levels, which can today only be seen in the southern section, included in the Tower of Roland, which was built in the early Middle Ages.

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Information provided by OT Arles

Nearby

  1. La Salamandre

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  2. HOSTELLERIE of the Source

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  3. Mas D'Eymard

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  4. Arlesien

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Where to stay

Youth Hostel
Youth Hostel

Youth Hostel

Arles

The youth hostel is located close to the city centre and major tourist attractions of the region.This proximity will allow you to enjoy your holiday. Day cultural visits or sporting activities to start and in the evening discover the sweetness of life of the youth hostel.

Mme Riera Pascale
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Mme Riera Pascale

Arles

XVIIth century farmhouse completely restored on 40 hectares of land. 23 tricentenary plane trees will provide pleasant shade in summer. A beautiful swimming pool is at your disposal. We offer you peace and quiet as well as leisure choices. Located just one kilometer from the closest shops, the…

Le Gite De Monplaisir
Holiday rental

Le Gite De Monplaisir

Arles

Cottage new, in a contemporary style, composed a very bright living room opening onto the large covered terrace facing South, with sofa BZ, bed 140, open kitchen (dishwasher), bathroom with toilet, mezzanine bedroom bed 140, plenty of storage.Services: shady garden with barbecue and sun…

Gita Luna
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Gita Luna

Arles

Nice little cottage in the middle of olive trees, independent. Air-conditioned all comfort ideal for 2 people. His small courtyard sunset side and its terrace on the South side make a soothing place to vacation.His most: regulation on arrival, pool without a schedule, free Wifi, to 200 meters…

The patio of Arles
B&B

The patio of Arles

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This old Arlésienne, fully restored house is located 8 minutes from the historic center. Light and airy, it offers large, sober, elegant and comfortable rooms for a restful stopover at the heart of the city.

Le Pitchounet
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Le Pitchounet

Arles

Apartment on the ground floor with independent entrance in the heart of the District of the low Mouleyres, this little nest in the quiet garden is ideal for lovers of culture and photography, because it is located 10 minutes from the arena, and 5 minutes from the former workshops SNCF (meetings…

L'amistadouse
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L'amistadouse

Arles

Apartment in ground floor comfort with air conditioning in addition, linen provided free of charge. Arles is in the centre of the Camargue, Nîmes, Avignon, Uzès, Saint Rémy de Provence, Fontvieille, 35 km separate us from the sea, 80 km from Marseille. Arles has Roman monuments, some molted.…

Amphitheatre
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Amphitheatre

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The hotel of the amphitheatre is located in the historical centre of Arles, between the ancient theatre and the arena. This 17th century renovated mansion offers the qualities of modern comforts, such as air conditioning, WI FI and soundproofing and the charm of a remains of the past.

Eggplant Red
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Eggplant Red

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Eggplant red naturally is a comfortable house with 3 rooms of comfort, lifestyle and different prices. But it is also and above all an opportunity to share with you our knowledge about Arles Camargue er and make your stay with us a sweet moment of happiness. Minimum stay of 3 nights in season.

Things to do

Santons Henri Vezolles
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Santons Henri Vezolles

Arles

Individual hand-made items in 2, 3 or 4 natural, oxidation-dyed colours. The decoration is painted in slip (clay diluted in water). Visits by appointment only.

Larry
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Larry

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Tonello, located in Arles, is a unique in its field, specialising in two different but complementary areas: the creation of reinforced concrete staircases cast on site and the production and laying of the coating. the laying of poured granite or 'Venetian terrace' flooring and the production…

LOULOU of street
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LOULOU of street

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Art jewellery. Magali Favier creates fine costume jewellery from silver 925/1000 and precious materials (gold, Tahitian pearls, semi-precious pearls, etc.) only in her Arena Studio. Each item is meticulously hand-made and can be customised. They are all unique. She creates an original world of…

Sophie Lassagne M��ller
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Sophie Lassagne M��ller

Arles

Creation of limited series of fine, utilitarian pottery with beautiful colours and pure lines. Also, creation of one-of-a-kind items from burnished, smoke-fired clay.

L'atelier
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L'atelier

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Craftsperson and mosaic-maker. Creation of one-of-a-kind mosaics, made-to-measure works, restoration, classes and courses.

Cryptoportico of the Forum
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Cryptoportico of the Forum

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Date: Late 1st century BC.Time: Antiquity Type: public Architecture of Community status: property of the city of Arles classified as Monument historique (1841) the Unesco World Heritage (1981).The cryptoportico form the bedrock, the invisible part of the forum, the Roman city's central public…

The Alyscamps
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The Alyscamps

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In Antiquity, cemeteries were always outside the walls of the town and were often located along major roads. At the start of the Empire, cremation graves, sarcophogi and mausolea were dotted along the side of the Via Aurelia, creating a vast necropolis. However, the cemetery became extremely…

Cloister of St. Trophime
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Cloister of St. Trophime

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Date: 12th-14th century Era: Middle Ages Type: Religious architecture Status: Property of the Town of Arles, listed as a national Historic Monument in 1846 and 1943 and as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981 Saint Trophime Cloister is at the centre of the canonical buildings of the episcopal…

L ' Arlésienne perfumery
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For the love of Arles or for the love of perfume? Both, no doubt... Eau d'Arles is undoubtedly inspired by the beautiful Arlésiennes and their extraordinary costumes. The fineness of their elegant outfits can be found in this fragrance, which is fresh, flowery and slightly powdery. A beautiful…

Where to eat

16
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16

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Of the 16 girls, we offer simple and family Bistro cuisine concocted according to the market.

Chardon
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Thistle is a place of life, located sharing and Exchange in the centre of Arles at 35-37 rue des Arènes, main artery of the old centre.This is a Bistro/bar, which offers small plates, a selection of live wines and a map of original cocktails. Any offer is focused on the maximum use of local…

Autruche
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Autruche

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'Neo-bistro' restaurant with a beautiful terrace in the town centre. Modern cuisine and fresh produce in this 'house' which is starting to make a name for itself.

Hostellerie of the Source
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Located a few minutes from the centre of Arles, a natural spring ("Source") has been happily bubbling away here since the 19th century in the tree-filled garden, bordering a swimming pool. This Mediterranean oasis, lined with weeping willows and oleander, offers feminine retakes on Provencal and…

Garden of Manon
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Garden of Manon

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Restaurant open for 24 years, developing a southern cuisine inspired by fresh and season.In summer, the garden will welcome you in we space vegetated.

Next to the bistro
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This is Jean-Luc Rabanel's second star-rated establishment, serving friendlier-priced and more family-style food. The gourmet dishes are crafted with the expertise of one of France's greatest contemporary cooks. Traditional salt cod and stewed chicken take on a whole new lease of life here. The…

Garden Cafe - counter Calendal
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The Garden Cafe is a counter of the Calendal offering on the spot or to take light meals: bio bread sandwiches, small dishes simmered in chinaramaiah, soups, salads, while freshness, sweets, selection of teas weddings brothers, capuccino, beers etc...Pause gourmande in the salons of le Calendal…

Le Réfectoire
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Le Réfectoire

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With classroom chairs and shared tables, the décor is, naturally, reminiscent of childhood canteens. The rest is more state-of-the-art: the reasonably-priced menu is the work of a Michelin-starred chef (Armand Arnal, of La Chassagnette), in a converted industrial building (the former SNCF…

Jean-Luc Rabanel workshop
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Every gourmet knows his name: Jean-Luc Rabanel is one of the stars of French gastronomy and a major personality, who has been tending to his kitchen garden for over 30 years. A master of vegetables, spokesman for organic produce and pioneer of the "locavore" local food trend, this chef transcends…

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