Théâtre Antique

Arles - Monument

Date: End of the first century BC
Era: Antiquity
Type: Public cultural architecture
Status: Property of the Town of Arles, listed as a national Historic Monument in 1840 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.
The Roman Theatre of Arles, which preceded its famous neighbour the amphitheatre by a century, is less well preserved.
Constructed at the end of the 1st century BC, it dates from the first phase of urbanisation of the Roman colony founded by Caesar in 46 BC.
It was built on the L'Hauture hill and was part of the Roman grid system, on the decumanus (East-West road).
It was fortified in the Middle Ages and lost to encroaching construction work; its material was often reused for neighbouring buildings. Even the original function of the monument is unknown.
This function was rediscovered in the late 17th century and its origin was confirmed over the following centuries thanks to a number of archaeological finds excavated from the ground, including the famous 'Venus of Arles'.
It was not until the 19th century that the site was completely cleared.
All that remains are a few seating rows, the orchestra section, the stage curtain area and two tall marble columns topped with a fragment of entablature.
However, the theatre is once again being used as a performance venue, particularly in summer.
The Roman Theatre in Arles has a diameter of 102 m.
Its 33 rows of seats, many of which have now disappeared, backed onto an outer enclosure consisting of three levels of arches.
The theatre could accommodate 10,000 spectators.
The orchestra section is separated from the cavea by a wall, the balteus, in front of which a 1.2 m wide area was reserved for the portable seats of the colony's nobility.
The pulpitum wall marked the separation between the orchestra and the stage area. It was adorned with decorated niches, including with the altar to Apollo which was found in 1828.
Many other areas of the site have revealed remains of this sumptuous decoration. Two staircases connected the orchestra to the stage.
Excavations and scientific studies have revealed the stage's main features.
It was approximately 6 metres deep and flanked by vast parascenia (wings) The stage wall was highly decorated.
It had three levels of columns and a large statuary, including the colossal statue of Augustus which is currently in the Departmental Museum of Ancient Arles. The famous statue of the 'Venus of Arles' is kept at the Louvre.
In the middle of the wall was the Royal gate, flanked on both sides by two columns; only those on one side are still in place today.
The theatre's outer enclosure comprised 27 arches resting on strong pillars. This façade had three levels, which can today only be seen in the southern section, included in the Tower of Roland, which was built in the early Middle Ages.

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Information provided by OT Arles

Nearby

  1. Grand Hotel Nord-Pinus

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  2. Jules César

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  3. La Residence 1

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  4. L'olivier

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Where to stay

Vacances En Famille
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Vacances En Famille

Arles

Fully equipped apartment, located 2 minutes from the shopping area and 5 minutes from the centre of town, very quiet, ideal for a family, baby supplied accessories: cot, high chair, and also WII, DVD, Internet.

Ibis budget palais des Congrès
Hotel

Ibis budget palais des Congrès

Arles

Our Ibis Budget hotel has 64 air-conditioned and soundproofed, modern rooms. This is the essence of comfort at low cost.Our hotel is located 3 minutes walk from the Museum of ancient and facing the Palais des Congrès.You can reach the centre of the old city on foot (20 minutes) or even take the…

La Maison Des Hautures
Holiday rental

La Maison Des Hautures

Arles

Large family house of the 16th century (convent) with stone of Fontvieille, furnished rustic with three real nice rooms located in city center of Arles, close to all shops and close to the arenas. Parking nearby (not suitable for people with mobility problems or young children ages because of the…

Ibis Styles Arles Palace Congress (ex Mercure)
Hotel

Ibis Styles Arles Palace Congress (ex Mercure)

Arles

Breakfast + unlimited Wi-Fi are included in the price of the hotel Ibis Arles Styles. Ideally situated opposite the Palace of congresses and 2 steps from the Museum of Arles Antique, our hotel has 80 rooms combining comfort and design, they are air-conditioned and soundproofed with tus equipment…

Gita Luna
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Gita Luna

Arles

Gite with air conditioning, washing machine all comfort class 3 stars. A view on the olive trees, or the garden room is shady. Access to the shared swimming pool 6 x 16 meters. Table tennis, bowls have at your disposal. 5 minutes from the shops, with the wild Camargue Arles.

Más de la Roseraie
Hotel

Más de la Roseraie

Arles

Former Mas Provençal 'Logis' located less than 3 km from the city centre of Arles. We have 14 rooms all air-conditioned with most adapted for families. It must be said that children are Kings: playground, Park and large swimming pool with a small pool.Free wifi access, TV multi languages,…

Le Mazet 35
Holiday rental

Le Mazet 35

Arles

Our "typical of Camargue" residence is a model of provencal village.Our accomodations, no. 35 and no. 36 are located in a site of tourism with many activities, all available for tenants. The residence is perfectly closed and secure. Our accomodations, inside this residence have a garden enclosed…

Cote Cour
Holiday rental

Cote Cour

Arles

Apartment of 45 m² facing the arenas of Arles. With two inputs, comfortable, very nice summer with the courtyard flower with armchairs. We often take meals in the courtyard.Two beds of 140, corner kitchenette, bathroom. Equipped with all appliances.

Mas Marin
Holiday rental

Mas Marin

Arles

Detached farmhouse in the countryside, renovated, fenced, near village centre, rated 3*, comfortable, fully equipped kitchen, living room, bathroom, laundry room, 2 bedrooms, garden furniture, barbecue, table tennis, above ground swimming pool and fenced parking.

Things to do

Domaine de Méjanes
Producer

Domaine de Méjanes

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Located near Lake Vaccarès, between Arles and Stes Maries. On this wild, preserved land, horses and bulls reign supreme and the thousands of migratory birds reside here peacefully.

Bénédicte Charvet
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Bénédicte Charvet

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Tables coaching workshop is implanted in a wooded area from the floor to the ceiling. A beautiful volume is offered through a high ceiling where free furniture walls greet tables brackets and frames bearing brackets.

Musée départemental Arles antique
Museum

Musée départemental Arles antique

Arles

Museum of Archaeology, from Prehistory (2,500 BC) until the end of Antiquity (6th century), including the prestigious items found in the Rhône (bust of Julius Caesar, statue of Neptune, etc.) From 6 April to 1 September 2013, the museum will house the 'Rodin, the Light of Antiquity' exhibition…

Mélani Frères
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Mélani Frères

Arles

A few minutes from Arles is a remarkable studio which produces 18th and 19th century Provençal-style furniture. Olivier Mélani is a passionate cabinet-maker skilled at working with walnut, beech and even lime. Everything here is reminiscent of our region, from the aroma of the processed wood to…

Etat des lieux
Souvenirs

Etat des lieux

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Present on the scene for more than 20 years, State of places puts forward the Art of the table, furniture, fixture and playful objects. With an area of 120 m2, you will find many brands in the different areas: Alessi, Kartell, Luce Plan and pylons coexist among other equally renowned for their…

Cryptoportico of the Forum
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Cryptoportico of the Forum

Arles

Date: Late 1st century BC.Time: Antiquity Type: public Architecture of Community status: property of the city of Arles classified as Monument historique (1841) the Unesco World Heritage (1981).The cryptoportico form the bedrock, the invisible part of the forum, the Roman city's central public…

The Marshall district
Site

The Marshall district

Arles

The District of the Marshall ("from the Middle") occupies a modest surface between the city (or town hall) and the arugula, on the edge of the Rhône.Its history dates back to the medieval renaissance of the city, around the 12th century. Habitat, it differs little from the neighbouring districts…

The baths of Constantine
Monument

The baths of Constantine

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Date: 4th century era: ancient Type: Architecture of sports and recreation status: property of the historic city of Arles (for the clear part) class Monument (1840) the Unesco World Heritage (1981) characteristic Expression of Roman civilisation, the baths were one of the most common public…

Atelier mosaïque d'art Schiano Charles
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Atelier mosaïque d'art Schiano Charles

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Creation of large and small decorative and functional mosaics. BY APPOINTMENT ONLY

Where to eat

Plaza (La Paillotte)
Food guide restaurant

Plaza (La Paillotte)

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Restaurant very well located in the centre of the city of Arles. Near hotels, monuments, museums and the Foundation Van Gogh. The restaurant bathrooms with exposed stone walls and beams wood ceilings.The decoration of the restaurant is based on bullfighting and Provence. A beautiful shaded…

Next to the bistro
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Next to the bistro

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This is Jean-Luc Rabanel's second star-rated establishment, serving friendlier-priced and more family-style food. The gourmet dishes are crafted with the expertise of one of France's greatest contemporary cooks. Traditional salt cod and stewed chicken take on a whole new lease of life here. The…

Hostellerie of the Source
Table 13

Hostellerie of the Source

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Located a few minutes from the centre of Arles, a natural spring ("Source") has been happily bubbling away here since the 19th century in the tree-filled garden, bordering a swimming pool. This Mediterranean oasis, lined with weeping willows and oleander, offers feminine retakes on Provencal and…

Jean-Luc Rabanel workshop
Food guide restaurant

Jean-Luc Rabanel workshop

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Every gourmet knows his name: Jean-Luc Rabanel is one of the stars of French gastronomy and a major personality, who has been tending to his kitchen garden for over 30 years. A master of vegetables, spokesman for organic produce and pioneer of the "locavore" local food trend, this chef transcends…

Garden Cafe - counter Calendal
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The Garden Cafe is a counter of the Calendal offering on the spot or to take light meals: bio bread sandwiches, small dishes simmered in chinaramaiah, soups, salads, while freshness, sweets, selection of teas weddings brothers, capuccino, beers etc...Pause gourmande in the salons of le Calendal…

Le Réfectoire
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Le Réfectoire

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With classroom chairs and shared tables, the décor is, naturally, reminiscent of childhood canteens. The rest is more state-of-the-art: the reasonably-priced menu is the work of a Michelin-starred chef (Armand Arnal, of La Chassagnette), in a converted industrial building (the former SNCF…

16
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16

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Of the 16 girls, we offer simple and family Bistro cuisine concocted according to the market.

Galoubet
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Galoubet

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Bistro cuisine around the fireplace in winter and under the arbour when the weather is warm (foie gras, artichoke hearts, veal liver, catfish, roast pineapple, poached pears, etc.).

Lou marks
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Lou marks

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Meeting of traditional and regional recipes, restaurant gourmet Lou Marquès (renovated in 2014 by M Christian Lacroix) offers a classic, refined and tasty cuisine carefully prepared by our chefs.The restaurant's terrace turns into a bistro in the beautiful days and our garden near the swimming…

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