Arles - Monument
Date: End of the first century BC
Type: Public cultural architecture
Status: Property of the Town of Arles, listed as a national Historic Monument in 1840 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.
The Roman Theatre of Arles, which preceded its famous neighbour the amphitheatre by a century, is less well preserved.
Constructed at the end of the 1st century BC, it dates from the first phase of urbanisation of the Roman colony founded by Caesar in 46 BC.
It was built on the L'Hauture hill and was part of the Roman grid system, on the decumanus (East-West road).
It was fortified in the Middle Ages and lost to encroaching construction work; its material was often reused for neighbouring buildings. Even the original function of the monument is unknown.
This function was rediscovered in the late 17th century and its origin was confirmed over the following centuries thanks to a number of archaeological finds excavated from the ground, including the famous 'Venus of Arles'.
It was not until the 19th century that the site was completely cleared.
All that remains are a few seating rows, the orchestra section, the stage curtain area and two tall marble columns topped with a fragment of entablature.
However, the theatre is once again being used as a performance venue, particularly in summer.
The Roman Theatre in Arles has a diameter of 102 m.
Its 33 rows of seats, many of which have now disappeared, backed onto an outer enclosure consisting of three levels of arches.
The theatre could accommodate 10,000 spectators.
The orchestra section is separated from the cavea by a wall, the balteus, in front of which a 1.2 m wide area was reserved for the portable seats of the colony's nobility.
The pulpitum wall marked the separation between the orchestra and the stage area. It was adorned with decorated niches, including with the altar to Apollo which was found in 1828.
Many other areas of the site have revealed remains of this sumptuous decoration. Two staircases connected the orchestra to the stage.
Excavations and scientific studies have revealed the stage's main features.
It was approximately 6 metres deep and flanked by vast parascenia (wings) The stage wall was highly decorated.
It had three levels of columns and a large statuary, including the colossal statue of Augustus which is currently in the Departmental Museum of Ancient Arles. The famous statue of the 'Venus of Arles' is kept at the Louvre.
In the middle of the wall was the Royal gate, flanked on both sides by two columns; only those on one side are still in place today.
The theatre's outer enclosure comprised 27 arches resting on strong pillars. This façade had three levels, which can today only be seen in the southern section, included in the Tower of Roland, which was built in the early Middle Ages.
- Accessible for disabled
Information provided by OT Arles
Where to stay
Mas De L'olivier
Relaxing holiday villa with private pool (can be heated).The Mas of the olive tree is a large villa with 4 bedrooms, for 12 people, including a very spacious living room, a dining room, a modern kitchen, an outdoor kitchen and 2 bathrooms. Which linked to the ground floor room.Outdoor parking is…
The Gallery eight bedrooms are located in a remarkable Mansion from the 17th century, in the heart of the historical centre of Arles. On the ground floor, the House is organized between art gallery and more intimate spaces, in the image of the quiet inner courtyard or beautiful Arles kitchen.…
Our hotel is located 4 km from the city center of Arles, in Arles campaign, it includes 3 guest rooms spacious and bright and giving on a small garden where you can take your breakfast when the weather permits. We also have 3 residences equipped. You can relax in a space dedicated to the good be:…
House in the historic town centre of Arles, quiet, pedestrian street (with garage). On the ground floor: living room (tv, sofa, 3 armchairs), dining room (with high chair for baby), kitchen (fridge, stove with oven, coffee maker, microwave, toaster), wc, private inner courtyard with garden…
Welcome to the hotel Constantin Arles. This 2-star hotel located in the city center of Arles offers a warm and comfortable accommodation to all who want to discover Arles and the Camargue.Easy access, lined with plenty of parking.Bernadette and Alain will be happy to welcome you to their…
Things to do
Tonello, located in Arles, is a unique in its field, specialising in two different but complementary areas: the creation of reinforced concrete staircases cast on site and the production and laying of the coating. the laying of poured granite or 'Venetian terrace' flooring and the production…
Farfantello est une adresse pour les enfants, petits et grands. Un choix magique de décoration vintage pour la chambre et de jouets rétro qui nous replonge dans nos souvenirs d’enfance. Il faut entrer pour découvrir tout plein d’idées cadeaux et de trésors pour les minots (ananas…
Roman-inspired garden. This garden, real plant Racecourse is inspired by a text written at the end of the first or beginning of the second century a.d. by Pliny the younger.Come and discover this public space in the form of Roman circus. You can play (playing kit available at the Museum), stroll,…
The LoA DSL brand was born in Lorraine from the hands of the designer Lisa Coinus. Engineer agronomist by training, she created her workshop in 2009 after spending several years to form the seam of self-taught. His pieces are created exclusively from fabrics and recycled materials from the…
Melanie CHANAL begins to create, from childhood, with all that comes it to hand. Jewelry and ornaments singular, sometimes tribal, as it was impossible to find elsewhere! It is random an encounter that she discovered ceramics. Therefore, the creation of jewelry is obvious. The land taking shape…
Follow the wire! One of the memory, life, or the thread of the story, and find that of Christine MILLERIN. She grew up in Casablanca, studied at the fine arts in Mulhouse, the Museum of textile printing, and traverses the France as a stylist for photographers. Then she went back to these first…
The Marshall district
The District of the Marshall ("from the Middle") occupies a modest surface between the city (or town hall) and the arugula, on the edge of the Rhône.Its history dates back to the medieval renaissance of the city, around the 12th century. Habitat, it differs little from the neighbouring districts…
Where to eat
Simone & Paulette
Simone & Paulette is the encounter of Caroline and Numa, two arlésiens who share the same passion for their city, cuisine and hospitality, and who wish to put their talent and their energy at the service of lovers of Arles.Simone & Paulette, is above all a State of mind. Share happy moments…
Next to the bistro
This is Jean-Luc Rabanel's second star-rated establishment, serving friendlier-priced and more family-style food. The gourmet dishes are crafted with the expertise of one of France's greatest contemporary cooks. Traditional salt cod and stewed chicken take on a whole new lease of life here. The…
Plaza (La Paillotte)
Restaurant located in the heart of the old Center of the city of Arles.Provence market is found in the kitchen of the Chief Stéphane Gognier, owner of his property since 2002. He loves tasty marriage of regional products, to which he brings his creativity: kitchen tradition and flavor.For lunch…
Gueule du Loup
There are no bobbins to pull here and no latches to go up. This little house built in 1780 offers no danger to Little Red Riding Hoods all they have to do is choose between the two dining rooms, one facing the ground floor kitchen and the other with exposed stone walls on the first floor. There's…
Garden Cafe - counter Calendal
The Garden Cafe is a counter of the Calendal offering on the spot or to take light meals: bio bread sandwiches, small dishes simmered in chinaramaiah, soups, salads, while freshness, sweets, selection of teas weddings brothers, capuccino, beers etc...Pause gourmande in the salons of le Calendal…
Helena in the kitchen prepares traditional local cuisine, among other specialities such as bouillabaisse, the bourride lotte, aioli and prepared meals of grand mother, restaurant Saint Pierre is located in the city centre of Arles in the District of Trinquetaille, only the Rhone bridge isolates…
Art de vivre
The accent: our identity
Can anyone resist an almond? Everyone raves about these little nuggets of happiness you can savour every which way – fresh, dried, whole, grilled, sliced, ground or made into a cream or milk!
Christmas festivities, culture and tradition in the land of the 'Santon' figurine
Bouillabaisse, an ancient treasure and epic adventure...