Cryptoportico of the Forum

Arles - Monument

Date: Late 1st century BC.Time: Antiquity Type: public Architecture of Community status: property of the city of Arles classified as Monument historique (1841) the Unesco World Heritage (1981).The cryptoportico form the bedrock, the invisible part of the forum, the Roman city's central public square. Of the Arles forum itself, little is known of things. There are its development and its decoration than a few elements that to date the beginning of the work a few years after the founding of the colony in 46 BC These foundations are intended to stabilize the vast esplanade on a naturally sloping site. They are presented in the form of three galleries forming a U open to the East. The South Gallery is carved into the rock, while to the North, the terrain is backfilled several meters, which allowed the conservation of remains of the pre-Roman city. The level of current traffic pretty well corresponds to that ancient soil, largely lower than the current level. Only the North Gallery, because the slope of the ground, opened on a square, ancestor of our current place du forum. A fourth Gallery, characterized by the use of brick, reflects probably a restructuring of the forum in late Antiquity. North and South of the cryptoportico galleries measure 90 metres, the West Gallery, which connects them, 60 meters. Their width reaches almost ten metres. The current traffic level is substantially the same as at the time of construction... but some six metres below the level of the current city. Each branch is in fact composed of a double gallery, composed of two parallel barrel vaults, falling on a series of arcades to very low hanger based themselves on rectangular pillars. This great device structure represents an admirable book. The galleries were broken down and lit by the cellar windows. They were accessible only by two service entries which show that they were not accessible to the public in Roman times. It is the Northern, more complex, gallery which opened outward. The two narrow entrances permitting access framed a series of shops. Later it was partially condemned by the construction of the barrel of a small temple which was built on the forum. Although not part of the actual cryptoportico, a fourth Gallery double the North Gallery. Characterized by the use of bricks in the walls and vaults, it was built during a complete restructuring of the city centre in late Antiquity and is located adjoining the old state augusteen stores. HISTORIC building of the cryptoportico provides a large terrace to support the forum, one of the first urban achievements of the new Roman colony founded in 46 BC. However remain in the North Gallery of the walls of the protohistoric period. Apart from the transformations of late Antiquity, which belongs to the history of the forum, the original galleries were not accessible to the public. At the beginning of the 5th century, while the forum began to be despoiled, the cryptoportico were closed to serve as cellars for individuals. In the middle of the Gallery side, southern internal, remain vestiges long considered the traces of a wooden floor. However, a study showed that it was a dump of datable wood at the beginning of the 5th century. At the end of this same Gallery, which is located directly under the Town Hall, one can observe old prisons by the soupireaux. Because of these transformations, the past of the monument long remained an enigma. We live a time of the catacombs. On the occasion of the construction of the Town Hall in the 17th century, there were questions on the Roman origin of the building. In 1737, a fire in the basement of the Church Saint-Lucien, known from the 10th century, reveals a sculpted frieze confirming this assumption. In 1951, the excavation of the galleries will allow updating a deposit of marble containing various fragments of statuary and inscriptions including one to the address of the Emperor Augustus. These discoveries brought the evidence of the real identity of the cryptoportico and the importance of the imperial cult associated with the Roman forum. The cryptoportico, looted and such, access will be totally closed in the 10th century, with the construction of the Church Saint Lucia. Long clearance from cave cellar and the excavation of the galleries will begin in 1935, with particularly fruitful results in 1951 for the formal identification of the building. In 1966, the galleries will be able to be open to the public, from the chapel of the Jesuits, rue Balze, either at the southwest corner of the structure. Today, considering a new path for customers moving home at the end of the southern Gallery, or precisely under the Town Hall.

Information provided by OT Arles

Nearby

  1. Hotel SPA le Calendal

    Hotel

    Read more
  2. Le Mejean

    Holiday rental

    Read more
  3. City

    Campsite

    Read more
  4. Antonelle

    Holiday rental

    Read more

Where to stay

Hotel SPA le Calendal
Hotel

Hotel SPA le Calendal

Arles

Ideally located between the arenas and the ancient theatre, the Spa the Calendal hotel has 38 rooms with garden view or old Arles, some of which overlook the monuments.His famous garden at the tercentenary Hackberry is a real green for a breakfast or a sweet or salty break proposed by the…

MAS of olives
B&B

MAS of olives

Arles

We will be happy to welcome you to the farmhouse of olives with its Park in addition to five thousand m2 of 25 olive trees.It is located in the heart of Provence and the doors of the Camargue. Five km to the city center, it will offer you a haven of peace with its Provencal flora and in the…

SCI La Maison Molière
B&B

SCI La Maison Molière

Arles

Large House of 500 m² in the heart of la roquette, private garage, a courtyard with arches, a large living room library and 5 bedrooms en suite (25 m²-35 m²). Air conditioning, wifi, TV in all rooms with beds of 180 x 200.The House can to privatize these bed and breakfasts are "Bed and…

La Maison Blanche
Holiday rental

La Maison Blanche

Arles

The apartment is located 10 minutes walk from the historic centre in a quiet area. 20 m² terrace is equipped with a living room of garden, sun beds and parasol allowing you to enjoy a nice view on a flowered park. You have 2 comfortable lounges equipped with a television. The kitchen is…

Trianon
Holiday rental

Trianon

Arles

In the very friendly arugula, quiet in a flowery charming Street and 5 minutes to monuments, restaurants and shops. We welcome you in our renovated House, in a style both contemporary and typical, between old stone and metal windows.You will stay in 90 m2, quiet and cool. On the ground floor and…

Les Aquarelles
Holiday rental

Les Aquarelles

Arles

Our hotel is located 4 km from the city center of Arles, in Arles campaign, it includes 3 guest rooms spacious and bright and giving on a small garden where you can take your breakfast when the weather permits. We also have 3 residences equipped. You can relax in a space dedicated to the good be:…

Mon Voisin Van Gogh
Holiday rental

Mon Voisin Van Gogh

Arles

The 17th century house renovated in the heart of the historical centre of Arles. Adjacent to the Vincent van Gogh Foundation, it is the ideal starting point for a discovery walk from all the sights and cultural riches of the city.Mixture of old and modern, the spaces are designed for the comfort…

La Pitchoune Des Arenes
Holiday rental

La Pitchoune Des Arenes

Arles

Charming rental on 3 levels, in typically Arles city cottage. Located at 50 building arenas in a very quiet pedestrian street while being at the heart of the historic center.Cosy and renovated you will find all the necessary comfort and a prime location.Sleeping: a bedroom with a bed 140 x 190, a…

Le Belvedere
Holiday rental

Le Belvedere

Arles

The Belvedere, your Arles stay in heart of the old city, in a completely renovated House of charm of the eighteenth century.Studio + 2 terraces with view on the Rhone and old town, for 2 people. An unforgettable stay.

Things to do

Carnet de voyage
Souvenirs shopping

Carnet de voyage

Arles

Au cœur du centre historique d'Arles, nous vous accueillons pour vous faire découvrir notre sélection d'articles tout en couleur. Des toiles basques aux couleurs toniques, déclinées en nappes, sets de tables, torchons ... et aussi, des sacs petits et grands. De la terre travaillée dans…

Christine Millerin
Craftsman

Christine Millerin

Arles

Follow the wire! One of the memory, life, or the thread of the story, and find that of Christine MILLERIN. She grew up in Casablanca, studied at the fine arts in Mulhouse, the Museum of textile printing, and traverses the France as a stylist for photographers. Then she went back to these first…

The Bouton d'Or
Craftsman

The Bouton d'Or

Arles

Bouton d'Or is a handcrafted clothing boutique. This old hosiery from the historical centre of Arles was taken over in June 2013 by two Nanceiennes designers who have turned it into workshop where they sell their production as well as other craftsmen in the region or their knowledge. All proposed…

Theatre of Arles
Cultural place

Theatre of Arles

Arles

To subscribe is easy and inexpensive. A subscription includes three minimum shows selected freely in category A, B or C. Two possibilities: individual subscription and the subscription group. Subscriptions can be taken throughout the season, 15 to 40% discount on the prices depending on the…

L'atelier
Craftsman

L'atelier

Arles

Mosaicist formed in conventional techniques of the school of Ravenna, Nathalie Fieno Gets the Medal of the city of Paris in 2006 (echelon vermeil), for the quality of his work and his degree of master craftsman in 2009.His expertise allows him to implement conventional such as enamels, marble…

Arlette Multishop
Fashion / shopping

Arlette Multishop

Arles

Arlette est le Colette arlésien. Autrefois installé dans Le Magasin de Jouet (drôle de nom pour une galerie d'art), les jolies collections ont pris leur envol vers la rue de la Liberté. Les marques les plus pointues sont au rendez-vous : Kulte, Le Slip Français, les bijoux Alpha Beta ou…

The river Rhône
Landscape

The river Rhône

Saintes Maries de la Mer, Port Saint Louis du Rhône, Tarascon, Arles

The Rhone and its delta have not only given their name to the department, but this peaceful and majestic river also forms the backbone of the Bouches-du-Rhone. From Avignon to the Camargue beaches, the river passes through the most authentic Provençal landscapes. Famous for a long time for the…

The pink polka dot
Craftsman

The pink polka dot

Arles

Creative space 'Audrey's accessories' showroom Studio-boutique for the creation of women's ready-to-wear clothing in sizes 34 to 44. Limited series and one-of-a-kind items.

Pure Lavender
Souvenirs shopping

Pure Lavender

Arles

The Château du Bois is a signature of excellence in the field of natural cosmetics. It offers a range of cosmetics 'made in France', and shares a universe of dream with the beautiful Lavender fields of the domain, a revelation for the senses, a legacy of work, expertise and passion. Cosmetic…

Where to eat

Autruche
Food guide restaurant

Autruche

Arles

'Neo-bistro' restaurant with a beautiful terrace in the town centre. Modern cuisine and fresh produce in this 'house' which is starting to make a name for itself.

16
Food guide restaurant

16

Arles

Of the 16 girls, we offer simple and family Bistro cuisine concocted according to the market.

Gueule du Loup
Food guide restaurant

Gueule du Loup

Arles

There are no bobbins to pull here and no latches to go up. This little house built in 1780 offers no danger to Little Red Riding Hoods all they have to do is choose between the two dining rooms, one facing the ground floor kitchen and the other with exposed stone walls on the first floor. There's…

Thyme bar
Table 13

Thyme bar

Arles

Les Milhau are masters in the art of satisfying guests with their charming and relaxed welcome, traditional and faultless home-made Provencal cuisine, a pleasant terrace and reasonable prices. Simple and fuss-free quality.

Galoubet
Food guide restaurant

Galoubet

Arles

Bistro cuisine around the fireplace in winter and under the arbour when the weather is warm (foie gras, artichoke hearts, veal liver, catfish, roast pineapple, poached pears, etc.).

Saint Pierre
Food guide restaurant

Saint Pierre

Arles

Helena in the kitchen prepares traditional local cuisine, among other specialities such as bouillabaisse, the bourride lotte, aioli and prepared meals of grand mother, restaurant Saint Pierre is located in the city centre of Arles in the District of Trinquetaille, only the Rhone bridge isolates…

Garden Cafe - counter Calendal
Cuisine de Provence

Garden Cafe - counter Calendal

Arles

The Garden Cafe is a counter of the Calendal offering on the spot or to take light meals: bio bread sandwiches, small dishes simmered in chinaramaiah, soups, salads, while freshness, sweets, selection of teas weddings brothers, capuccino, beers etc...Pause gourmande in the salons of le Calendal…

Garden of Manon
Food guide restaurant

Garden of Manon

Arles

Restaurant open for 24 years, developing a southern cuisine inspired by fresh and season.In summer, the garden will welcome you in we space vegetated.

Next to the bistro
Food guide restaurant

Next to the bistro

Arles

This is Jean-Luc Rabanel's second star-rated establishment, serving friendlier-priced and more family-style food. The gourmet dishes are crafted with the expertise of one of France's greatest contemporary cooks. Traditional salt cod and stewed chicken take on a whole new lease of life here. The…

Inspirations

Inspirations

Inspirations

Traditions, lifestyle, mediterranean cuisine

The rap in Marseille part 1

The rap in Marseille part 1

With the successive acclaim of bands such as IAM, La Fonky Family, Psy 4 de la Rime and Jul, Marseille has earned its status as one of France's foremost rap capitals - the movement has been hoisted to heritage status in this city known for its gift of the gab. But how did rap culture become rooted in Marseille?

The bouillabaisse of Marseille

The bouillabaisse of Marseille

Bouillabaisse, an ancient treasure and epic adventure...

Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne

The forerunner of modern art, Cézanne is fittingly celebrated today in his home town of Aix-en-Provence, magnificently portrayed in his work. For the last 40 years, this illustrious painter has been setting the pace for the region's artistic life.