Sardines, the Fish That Sparked Many a Tail…


The Mediterranean's famous little blue fish

Marseille without sardines simply wouldn't be Marseille! Far from being a myth, the story of the sardine that blocked the city port dates back to the 18th century. The 'sardine' in question was in fact a 'Sartine' – the name of one of Louis XVI's frigates in charge of repatriating a French officer freed by the English at Pondicherry. This impressive ship was assailed by British gunfire at the entrance to the port and the sunken vessel prevented all traffic from entering or leaving until it was removed.


The Sardine

Today, the sardine has moved right onto the quaysides... Because as you may know, sardines aren't born in sardine boats or tins, but in the Mediterranean and Atlantic Sea. Come the right season (from June to November because "on Saint Catherine's Day, sardines turn away"), the local fishermen are proud to display these shiny little fish fresh from the Med, even if, compared to France's largest sardine port – Douarnenez –, the local catches seem pint-sized. Sardines are the Mediterranean's second most-fished pelagic variety (fish that live in mid-water, at depths of between 15 and 35 metres) after the anchovy.

Here, we call it a sardine, elsewhere it's referred to 'célerin', 'pilchard' or 'sardinyola'. This fatty fish from the herring family comes in several sizes, but never exceeds 20 cm. Its nutritional qualities are inversely proportional to its price: sardines are packed with vitamins B3 and B6, and rich in Omega-3 and phosphorous – and it's not because they come in a tin that they're full of iron. This booster fish is also one the friendliest-priced marine resources around. Its popular reputation often limits it to the 'easy food' category, but sardines lend themselves to both the simplest culinary preparations and the most sophisticated gastronomic delights.

Sardines box

"A fine sardine means an easy meal. Savour them raw, stuffed or grilled"

Some like it in a tin. In Brittany, it is made into a conserve. In the South, we like it like Ordralfabetix the village fishmonger in Asterix – fresh! In Provence, sardines generally end up on a barbecue – probably because they are abundant in summer. The 'Sardinade' sardine banquets held in Martigues, Port de Bouc and on Marseille's Vieux-Port (Old Port) reel in gourmets with their delicious scent when the weather hots up. To gut or not to gut, that is the question? There's no real answer. The refinement of the preparation reflects the gusto of the Chef. Some like them in fritters, while the Sicilians add them to pasta. Then again, some like them just as they are, uncooked and wrapped around a cheese or pepper mix. The fillets are easy to detach, but scaling remains a chore. Once cleaned, the sardines can be marinaded for a few hours in olive oil and Herbes de Provence before being quick-fried. Strong-tasting and naturally salty, sardines are character-filled and surprisingly endearing fish. It's rather hard to imagine them blocking up a whole port…

Things to do

Workshop of the Sardine

Workshop of the Sardine


Small ceramics workshop, which offers a range of dishes in the ground glazed... The art of the table declined at the shimmering colours of the South. Plates, bowls, cups, bowls, pitchers... Discover the universe of the Sardine.Each piece is handmade one by one, shaped to shoot or stamping, cooked…

Seafood restaurants

Seafood restaurants

Fancy some seafood specialities? The MyProvence guide lists all the most delicious places.

La Boîte à Sardine
Food guide restaurant

La Boîte à Sardine


Half-fishmonger, half-restaurant, this is one of the best fish-only canteens in Marseille, as testified by the packed tables and the need to book. People come as much to listen to Fabien Rugi, captain of this crew and larger-than-life character, as for the simple dishes of chef Céline Bonnieu,…

The entire agenda


Art de vivre

The Cagole

Read more
Art de Vivre

The Calanques

Read more

The siesta

Read more
More inspirations

Serving tourism

Bouches-du-Rhône Tourisme is a non-profit ‘association loi 1901’ organisation.It is entrusted by the Département (or regional council) to promote tourism in Bouches-du-Rhône while respecting the environment and local residents, and guaranteeing visitors a top-quality experience.

The best of the destination

So that everyone’s hopes and tastes are catered for, Bouches-du-Rhône Tourisme promotes must-see destinations which take visitors off the beaten track, using its deep understanding of the area and its neutral role as a non-profit organisation.